What are the types of skin cancer?


Melanoma, although quite uncommon, is the most lethal and fastest-growing type of skin cancer. Due to its ability to spread very quickly throughout the body and penetrate the skin’s surface, Melanomas are very deadly. However, if the Melanoma is detected early (less than 1mm thick), the ten-year survival rate is 92%. If Melanoma is detected when it is already greater than 4mm thick, then the survival rate reduces to 50%.

Squamous cell carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma can occur on any part of the body but usually occurs on areas with the most sun exposure (UV rays), like the face, hands, or scalp. This type of skin cancer grows quickly over several months or weeks.

Squamous cell carcinoma usually looks like:

  • A red, firm nodule
  • A non-raised sore with a scaly surface or crust
  • A raised area on an old ulcer/scar
  • An open sore on your lip due to a rough patch that progressed
  • A rough area or sore inside your mouth
  • A raised patch or wart-like sore on or inside the anus or the genitals.

Basal cell carcinomas

Basal cell carcinomas grow slowly and rarely spread to other body parts. It is the most common type of skin cancer. It can appear on any part of the body but generally on areas that are most affected by UV rays (sunlight). If detected and treated early, this type of skin cancer is highly curable and rarely results in death. Symptoms of Basal cell carcinomas include:

  • Tiny raised lesions with a depressed centre.
  • Pearl-like appearance, translucent/ulcer-like appearance.
  • Red and scaly, oozing or crusted areas.
  • Raised borders.
  • Brown or black-blueish areas.

These are the three most common types of skin cancer. If you or your loved one are concerned about any moles or your skin health in general, book an appointment with us today and get it checked.

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